Water softening is the removal of calcium, magnesium, and certain other metal cations in hard water. The resulting soft water requires less soap for the same cleaning effort as soap is not wasted mopping up calcium ions. Soft water also extends the lifetime of plumbing by reducing or eliminating scale build up in pipes and fittings. Water softening is usually achieved using lime softening or ion exchange resins..Traditionally, water softeners have replaced the minerals in hard water with sodium using a processed ion exchange. There are two tanks inside this type of water softener. One holds li.e polystyrene beads, sometimes referred to as resin beads or zeolite, while the other holds salt and a liquid brine..With so many water softeners to choose from, it can be hard to decide which is best for your home. Read water softener reviews and get access to our free .Types of Water Softeners. Basi.y, there’s just one type of water softeners the traditional one. All the standard water softeners use for their hard water processing either sodium or pot.ium chloride. Using one or the other has its own benefits and disadvantages, and it’s more to individual’s preference..
Salt Based Ion Exchange Softener. This type of water softener cycles household water through two tanks one with special resin beads and the other filled with brine. It works on the principle of ion exchange, softening hard water by subs.uting sodium salt for hard minerals such as calcium, magnesium, and iron..